IPM Plans

Integrated Pest Management Plan


IPMP

As part of the Sustainable Use Directive, the UK government is required to show that UK growers are using integrated pest management practices. The NFU has developed a new Integrated Pest Management Plan (IPMP) for the VI which will replaces the Crop Protection Management Plan.

The new IPMP plan is here. Scroll to the bottom of the introductory page to "Complete the Plan"

Any enquiries about the IPM Plan should be addressed to ipmp@nfu.org.uk

FAQs

Who should complete this plan?

Why should I complete an IPMP?

What is a professional pesticide?

How should the plan be completed?

When do I need to complete an IPMP?

How often should the plan be reviewed?

Can I have printed version of the IPMP sent to me?

Will a spreadsheet or pdf version of the IPMP be made available?

Will IPM be included in assurance schemes? 

I am a member of Farm Assurance scheme, do I still have to do an IPMP?

Will the requirement be included in cross compliance or any other legal requirements? 

What is the definition of Integrated Pest Management (IPM)?

Will there be a version of the IPMP made available for livestock farmers?

Does this affect those who occasionally use professional pesticides and weedkillers?

I only use a knapsack sprayer to spot treat a few weeds, do I really need to do an IPM Plan?

What happens if I have more than one holding?

I live in Scotland/Wales/Northern Ireland, do I have to use the NFU version/to do this?

Does the IPM plan (IPMP) replace the Crop Protection Management Plan (CPMP)? 

Are there any other plans that I can complete to demonstrate my adoption of IPM principles?

How will data from plans be used?

 

Who should complete this plan?
The plan should be completed by any farm or nursery enterprise that is using professional pesticides to produce crops, ornamentals, fodder or feed. It is recommended that it should be completed by the owner/farm/nursery manager in collaboration with the sprayer operator and agronomist.

Does this affect those who occasionally use professional pesticides and weedkillers? 
The requirement to implement the principles of IPM under SUD is intended to apply to all users of professional pesticides, whatever the scale or type of enterprise, this includes smallholders and livestock farmers if they use professional pesticides.

Does the IPM plan (IPMP) replace the Crop Protection Management Plan (CPMP)?
Yes, it does. The IPMP will directly replace the CPMP from April 2014. There will no longer be a need to complete the old CPMP’s.

When do I need to complete an IPMP?
It is recommended that you complete your first IPMP between April 2014 and March 2015, at the time when you would previously have reviewed your CPMP, and then review annually.

Since October 2014 an IPMP for the whole farm has been a requirement of the Red Tractor Crops and Fresh Produce Assurance Schemes.

Are there any other plans that I can complete to demonstrate my adoption of IPM principles?

Currently the VI recognises that either the LEAF Sustainable Farming Review (formerly the LEAF Audit) or membership of Conservation Grade (from 1 March 2015) meet the same requirements.

Why should I complete an IPMP?
There are a number of reasons for completing an IPMP
• It will help to demonstrate adherence to the Code of Practice for Using Plant Protection Products identified in cross compliance SMR 9.
• It will help as a decision support to for your farm enterprise – identifying opportunities for improvement.
• It will help the agricultural industry demonstrate the good practice of UK growers and support industry schemes to improve stewardship and retain crop protection products.

How should the plan be completed?
The plan is available to complete online and has an information button for each question which gives advice on how to complete each question and also helpful sources of advice and information on the subjects covered in them. Once the plan is completed it can be printed off and will also be e-mailed to the specified e-mail address. 

What happens if I have more than one holding?
There may be a need for farm/nursery businesses with multiple holdings to complete more than one plan if holdings have appreciably different cropping practices.

How often should the plan be reviewed?
Ideally the plan should be reviewed annually and at least every two years. However any small changes to the plan made between annual reviews should be recorded on the hard copy. At the 1st annual review if little/nothing of note has changed in the crop protection practices and if it is appropriate to continue to use the existing plan then the date of the review should be noted on the hard copy. At the 2nd annual review an updated IPM website plan should be generated, which incorporates all the measures on the existing plan, any changes since the last version was produced and any new undertakings. (It is important that the data is resubmitted on the IPM website at the 2nd annual review in order to keep an up to date record of trends in IPM practices to demonstrate to regulators.)  

What is the definition of Integrated Pest Management (IPM)?
Sustainable Use Directive defines IPM under the following 8 headings the VI believes that most UK growers will be implementing some if not all of these measures depending upon the farm enterprise.

1. The prevention and/or suppression of harmful organisms should be achieved or supported among other options especially by:
• crop rotation,
• cultivation techniques, 
• use of resistant/tolerant cultivars and standard/certified seed/planting material,
• use of balanced fertilisation, liming and irrigation/drainage practices,
• hygiene measures (e.g. cleansing of machinery)
• protection and enhancement of important beneficial organisms,
2. Monitoring of Harmful organisms
3. Application of plant protection based on monitoring data
4. Use of biological, physical and other non-chemical methods must be preferred to chemical methods if they provide satisfactory pest control.
5. Application of pesticide should be as Targeted as possible.
6. The professional user should keep the use of pesticides and other forms of intervention to levels that are necessary and that do not increase the risk for development of resistance in populations of harmful organisms.
7. Anti-resistance strategies should be applied to maintain the effectiveness of the products.
8. Review the success of plant protection measures.

Will IPM be included in assurance schemes?
Assured Food Standards Schemes already require growers to adopt practices which are consistent with the general principles of IPM as defined by SUD. Specific standards are set for individual crops. Since October 2014 an IPMP for the whole farm has been a requirement of the Red Tractor Crops and Fresh Produce Assurance Schemes. The plan will also be relevant to those in livestock based assurance schemes using professional pesticides.

Will the requirement be included in cross compliance or any other legal requirements?
It is understood that the Sustainable Use Directive will not be included in general cross compliance until all EU member states have implemented the legislation. It is unclear when this will be but for 2014 SUD will not be included in SPS only claims. However it is understood that the SUD rules will apply to those in Agri-environment schemes included in cross compliance from 2014.

In terms of legal compliance there is no singular legal requirement to be met on IPM however the principles of IPM as defined by SUD will be included in the Code of Practice for Using Plant Protection Products which is referenced in general cross compliance SMR 9 as the basis of good crop protection and use of PPP’s.  So complying with the general principles of IPM as defined in SUD will be part of demonstrating compliance.  In addition it is intended that the IPM plan will replace the Crop Protection Management Plan for those still required to complete these as part of their Agri-environment schemes.

How will data from plans be used?
It is intended that the data from this plan will be stored and collated for The Voluntary Initiative by the NFU. The data will be stored on a secure network by the NFU. It will be used to demonstrate the implementation of IPM practices in the farming industry. Only summaries of overall practices across agriculture will be taken from the data submitted. At no point will individual data on farm businesses be used, reviewed or published by VI or any other organisation.

Can I have printed version of the IPMP sent to me?
Once you have completed the plan it will offer you the opportunity to print out the completed version, it will also send a PDF of the completed plan to your e-mail address that you can print when you need a hardcopy.  

Will a spreadsheet or pdf version of the IPMP be made available?
Currently the online version is the main version available and the VI are encouraging as many people as possible to complete the online version so we can collate information on integrated practices to demonstrate good practice to regulators. The VI are currently considering the best way to develop other versions of the plan, whilst still capturing the data gathered.    

Will there be a version of the IPMP made available for livestock farmers?
The plan is designed in such a way as it can be tailored to the enterprise and only information relevant to livestock farmers own practices need to be included, so any questions that are not relevant can be ignored. An example plan is provided that illustrates how a livestock farmer might complete the plan.   

I am a member of Farm Assurance scheme, do I still have to do an IPMP?
Yes, the plan is being included as a recommendation in farm assurance schemes, as an approach to meeting the requirements of the Sustainable Use Directive.   

I live in Scotland/Wales/Northern Ireland, do I have to use the NFU version/to do this?
Yes, currently this is the only online version available, the majority of the plan can be applied to Scottish/Welsh/Irish farm enterprises. Questions 13-15 are relevant to England only so Scottish/Welsh/Irish farms can just be left unanswered.

What is a professional pesticide?
Professional pesticides include herbicides (weed killers), slug pellets (molluscicides), fungicide sprays and insecticides. The difference between amateur and professional pesticides is that those that are classified as ‘professional’ are intended for use in commercial situations not for home use. The labels of these ‘professional’ products can be more complicated, and by law must only be used by those who have had the appropriate training.

I only use a knapsack sprayer to spot treat a few weeds, do I really need to do an IPM Plan?
The plan is a voluntary measure so the final choice is down to the individual and the needs of their enterprise. Spot treating with glyphosate is not without risks that need to be recognised and managed, opportunities may also exist to improve weed management with integrated approaches and the plan IPM Plan may encourage growers to consider if an integrated approach will give better results.